Located in the community of Chocholá only 20 minutes from the city of Merida on the road that connects the city of Mexico, the Cenote San Ignacio shows itself to the world emerging from a past of glory and Maya splendor.
The cenotes were sacred rivers of the Maya used as sources of water, places for meditation, rituals and sacrifices. The cenotes were origin and destination.
The word cenote comes from the Mayan word "dzonot" meaning flooded cavern. The ground in Yucatan is limestone that makes it permeable, so there are no streams running along the surface. The rain water is filtered and make the water settle resulting in underground freshwater rivers.
There are two types of cenotes: open pit as Chichen Itza and underground grotto or as Cenote San Ignacio. Cenote San Ignacio is a beautiful work of nature, it is a young cenote as it has dome. The dome has a hole in the top where the sun's rays are filtered and provides a unique and magical atmosphere.
The interior of the cave is formed by a massif rock creating conditions of high security. Inside the Cenote there is an inverse thermal effect to the surface temperature in the months of November to February where there are days with temperatures of 16 ° C and the rest of the year in which we have temperatures above 40 ° C, in the cave temperature is 26 ° C.
The cenote is 38 meters long by 20 meters wide with a maximum depth of 7 meters, and the minimum ranging from 1.4 meters to 40 centimeters, which makes it a great natural "Jacuzzi". It features LED lighting system and ventilation removes moisture and renew the air inside the cave.
Has four permanent galleries and two temporary exhibit galleries in an award winning building just at the north end of Paseo del Montejo. The museum is built on two hectares and has three levels, representing the three worlds of the Maya, the sky, earth and underworld. The main building is built in the shape of a ceiba tree, the sacred tree of life for the Maya. The mission of the museum matches the layout of the exhibitions. The museum discovers, promotes and furthers the identity and cuture of the Maya. The permanent galleries reflect this mission with one dedicated to the Prehispanic Maya or Ancient Maya, Maya of Yesterday which starts at the Spanish Conquest, the Maya of Today, and one gallery specifically looking at the Natural Habitat and Culture. The Chicxulub Gallery talks about the crater and impact location in the Yucatan, a recently discovered area that continues to be investigated for its historical environmental impact on the world.
The museum architecture cannot go unnoticed. Josefina Rivas Acevedo, Enrique Duarte Aznar, Ricardo Combaluzier Medina y William Ramírez Pizarro, the group that designed the building recently received a Partnership Award in 2012 for Innovative Projects that preserve and spread Cultural Heritage with further international nominations following each year.
The museum has 1160 artifacts on permanent display, from prehispanic,to after Spanish colonization and through to the modern Maya of today. These items reflect the Maya’s relationship to the arts, culture and history.
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